Postman: Effectively Storing and Using Tests in a Git Repository
Postman is a great tool for testing HTTP/HTTPS endpoints. It’s useful for quick tests, as well as authoring detailed test suites. Even tests that rely on the output of other tests can be assembled!
Postman tests can be exported to JSON. And, since JSON is text it can be versioned as part of a repository. All the value derived from plain text in source control can be extended to Postman tests!
Newman is a command line runner built for Postman, available on npm as newman. A simple
npm install newman --save-dev will install it and add it as a devDependency in your Node.js application.
If the application isn’t a Node.js application and you don’t have a package.json yet, simply run
npm init to create a package.json file. Adding package.json to existing applications enables developers to install any dependencies with
npm install. Plus, package.json
scripts are a great place to match environments and test files!
Encapsulate environment concerns
Postman includes functionality for storing information for various environments. These environments can be switched as necessary using the Postman GUI. And, they can also be downloaded as JSON files — which is useful for a command line runner.
Put it all together
With any environments captured and the tests saved, we wire it all up with package.json
scripts. The package.json
scripts is a great place to match the tests to run, the environment to use, and any other concerns as various
npm run ... commands.
Here’s an example
"integration-tests": "npm run integration-tests-local",
"integration-tests-local": "newman -c tests/Postman/MyApplication.postman_collection -e tests/Postman/MyApplication-local.postman_environment",
"integration-tests-qa": "newman -c tests/Postman/MyApplication.postman_collection -e tests/Postman/MyApplication-qa.postman_environment",
"integration-tests-production": "newman -c tests/Postman/MyApplication.postman_collection -e tests/Postman/MyApplication-production.postman_environment"
This enables us to run the following from the command line:
npm run integration-test(also available as
npm run integration-tests-local)
npm run integration-test-qa
npm run integration-test-production
The important point is, as a contributor, you don’t need to know or understand environmental differences. It’s all encapsulated in these simple commands!
The import/export roundtrip
When using the Postman GUI, requests are stored internally. This internal storage is useful for those who primarily (or, only) use the GUI tool. But, this creates another state that may or may not match the current state of the repository. This is perhaps the biggest pain point of this approach.
To address this, you’ll need to import the latest into the GUI runner as necessary, since it won’t automatically be updated as the repository evolves. Then, you’ll need to export any changes back out to commit them. For this reason, I recommend leaning on the command line runner as much as possible — and using the GUI tool only as necessary for test authoring. Import what you need into the Postman GUI, make any changes, export the changes, and commit them.
Possible next steps
Now that Postman tests can be easily executed from the command line, they could be wired up to a continuous integration build, as a pre and/or post deployment step, scheduled to run on an interval as a
cron command, or something else! The only limits are your imagination (and, Node.js + npm being installed and available)!