Redact Elasticsearch Passwords from Microsoft Azure Application Insights Using C#

Written by Ken Dale
3
This post is days old.

We use Microsoft Azure Application Insights in our web applications. It logs tons of useful data about our applications, including web requests and requests to dependencies like databases. We also use Elasticsearch communicating over HTTPS. When an Elasticsearch url contains a password (https://user:[email protected]) we found it is logged to Application Insights in cleartext.

That said, here’s how to redact the password from any urls containing passwords:

Code

Here’s an ITelemetryProcessor implementation that redacts passwords from HTTP and HTTPS urls.

using Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.Channel;
using Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.DataContracts;
using Microsoft.ApplicationInsights.Extensibility;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

namespace WebApplication
{
    public class RemoveHttpUrlPasswordsTelemetry : ITelemetryProcessor
    {
        private static readonly Regex removePasswordRegex =
            new Regex(@"http(s)?:\/\/.+:(?<password>.+)@", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase | RegexOptions.Compiled);

        private readonly ITelemetryProcessor next;

        public RemoveHttpUrlPasswordsTelemetry(ITelemetryProcessor next)
        {
            this.next = next;
        }

        public void Process(ITelemetry item)
        {
            var request = item as DependencyTelemetry;

            if (request != null && request.Type == "Http")
            {
#pragma warning disable CS0618 // Type or member is obsolete
                request.CommandName = RemovePasswordFromUrl(request.CommandName);
#pragma warning restore CS0618 // Type or member is obsolete
                request.Data = RemovePasswordFromUrl(request.Data);
            }

            next.Process(item);
        }

        private static string RemovePasswordFromUrl(string url)
        {
            var match = removePasswordRegex.Match(url).Groups["password"];

            if (match.Success)
            {
                url = url.Replace(match.Value, "REDACTED");
            }

            return url;
        }
    }
}

Next, use the RemoveHttpUrlPasswordsTelemetry class with Application Insights. There’s ASP.NET and ASP.NET Core examples at https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-monitor/app/api-filtering-sampling#filtering-itelemetryprocessor.

This can help raise your security by not storing passwords in logs!

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